What are The Symptoms of Scalp Psoriasis

1- Overview

Psoriasis is a skin disease that affects different parts of the body. When it concerns the scalp, it is referred to as scalp psoriasis, which causes inconvenience to the person affected by it, mainly as it is classified as a chronic disease that cannot be eliminated. Psoriasis is an immune disorder that causes skin cells to grow too quickly, which leads to their accumulation and appearing in the form of red or silver spots and suffering from scaling and inflammation of the skin. When skin cells grow in normal conditions, they form inside the skin and slowly move to the surface to replace dead cells.


2- Causes of Psoriasis of the head


Psoriasis is an immune system problem that leads the skin to regenerate faster than usual. In Plaque psoriasis, this fast exchange of cells results in scales and red spots. It’s not entirely clear what causes the immune system to malfunction. Studies have shown that genetic and environmental factors play a role in developing the disease.
The typical person’s immune system creates white blood cells of T-cells and neutrophils responsible for fighting harmful viruses and bacteria in the human body. However, in the infected person, large amounts of these cells are formed, Which attacks the healthy cells of the body, which are the cells of the scalp, by mistake instead of attacking the infected and diseased cells.


3- Hair Psoriasis Symptoms


Symptoms of hair psoriasis vary depending on the severity of the condition:
Mild hair psoriasis may only include soft, minute scales.
Moderate to severe hair psoriasis symptoms may include red, scaly patches with bumps, silvery-white scales, burning or pain, and hair loss.
Hair psoriasis in and of itself does not cause hair loss, but excessive scratching, harsh treatments, as well as the stress associated with health conditions do. It can lead to temporary hair loss, and hair usually grows back after the skin regenerates.
Studies have proven that the genetic factor is influential in cases of infection in children. Among the most common types of psoriasis among children are guttate psoriasis and inverse psoriasis. The appearance of red spots on the skin is accompanied by other symptoms such as thick nails and many scales around the head.


4- Risk factors


Medical family history


A genetic cause causes this condition. If one parent has psoriasis, it increases the rate of developing the disease, and both parents having psoriasis increases the risk of developing the disease.
Stress
Because stress can affect the immune system, high-stress levels can increase the development of psoriasis.
Smoking
Smoking not only increases the danger of psoriasis but may also increase the severity of the disease. Smoking may play a role in the initial development of psoriasis disease.


5- Hair Psoriasis Treatment


Salicylic acid


Therapeutic medicated shampoo that removes scales that appear on the scalp. Salicylic acid removes and eliminates scales and is usually found in soaps and medicated shampoos. There are many types and varieties, including those containing coal tar and others that are free of it.
Coal tar products
Coal tar products in various forms such as creams, soaps, shampoos, ointments, and gels reduce the growth of skin cells, reduce inflammation, and the accompanying peeling and itching.
Steroid injections
The use of steroid injections, as these injections reduce the severity of the inflammation, and the doctor injects them into the lesions.


Aloe vera


Aloe vera reduces swelling and puffiness caused by psoriasis, in addition to its ability to treat the skin faster because it contains anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. It also works to reduce itching and irritation caused by psoriasis because it has soothing properties.


Phototherapy


Phototherapy using UVB/UVB rays is a complementary treatment for some conditions. Phototherapy can be used for children, pregnant women, nursing women, patients with weak immunity. It can be used on the skin, hair, and even sensitive places. Ultraviolet treatment requires 2 to 3 sessions per week for at least a month to show effective results. The duration varies from person to person according to The nature and severity of symptoms.
Apple cider vinegar
Apple cider vinegar reduces the pain and redness that the scalp may suffer from because it has properties that can get rid of inflammation and its ability to prevent infection in the scalp because it has antiseptic properties that work on this.

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